What is jute?
Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Jute is one of the cheapest natural fibers and is second only to cotton in amount produced and variety of uses. Its fiber is partially a textile fiber and partially wood. It is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton, in terms of usage, global consumption, production, and availability.
What are the physical properties of jute?
Jute fiber is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. A natural fiber, called the Golden Fiber, that has a golden and silky shine. Advantages of jute include good insulating properties, low thermal conductivity and a moderate moisture regain. Jute has the ability to be blended with other fibers, both synthetic and natural, and accepts dye classes such as natural, basic, vat, sulfur, reactive, and pigment dyes.
What is jute hessian cloth or burlap?
Jute fiber is often called hessian; jute fabrics are also called hessian cloth and jute sacks are called gunny bags in some European countries. The fabric made from jute is popularly known as burlap in North America. Burlap/hessian is exceptionally strong in proportion to construction, both in tensile strength and tear resistance. Burlap/hessian stands the repeated wetting and drying with minimal loss of strength.
How is jute used?
Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton; not only for cultivation, but also for various uses. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. Jute fibers are used alone or blended with other types of fibers to make twine and rope. Jute can be used to create a number of fabrics such as hessian cloth, sacking, scrim, carpet backing cloth, and canvas.
Is jute eco-friendly?
Jute is 100% bio-degradable and, therefore, environment-friendly. Made of organic natural product, jute fiber and cloth are produced with minimum impact on the environment and can be composted at the end of their life cycle.